whole
  ---- by Jonattan Roffe
  As early as his first book, Empiricism and Subjectivity, Deleuze rejects the idea of total unities, and works to analyse how things which are practically speaking unified - like human beings, societies and ideas of God and the world - come to be so.
  Deleuze's procedure for coming to grips with the thought of unity throughout his philosophy is threefold. First of all, he maintains that there are no pre-existent wholes. Not only does nature itself not make a whole, but things themselves exist only one by one. They do not fit into an overarching structure and cannot be 'added up' to make a total picture of existence because everything is unique.We simply do not have any grounds for taking the unique things which make up existence as members of a species which could ground a unifying perspective. This point is closely connected to Deleuze's concept of 'multiplicity' that describes unique things in terms of their own complex constitutive relations. The most substantial treatment of the concept of the 'whole' in this sense is given in the discussion of Stoic philosophy in The Logic of Sense.
  Second, it is important to note we seem, in fact, to be surrounded by unities of many kinds: human subjectivity, a unified and coherent basis for thinking, the unity of natural languages, and so on. For Deleuze, these kinds of transcendent totalities are fundamentally illusory. They are the product of certain habitual ways of thinking common to western culture and the metaphysical tradition Deleuze calls 'dogmatic image of thought'. The most significant discussion of the illusory nature of such totalities is undertaken in Difference and Repetition.
  Finally, Deleuze goes on to argue that there are, in fact, unities but that these are produced by and in very particular social contexts. The unity of human experience, for example, or the idea of the world as a whole, is the very real and concrete result of the kinds of social experience that we have. As such, produced wholes are subject to the variations in the social context that is theirs. Their wholeness cannot be guaranteed, since it has no transcendental principle of unity but only the support of the social forces of its genesis and the maintenance of its consistency. Taken together, these three points describe the constructivist methodology of Deleuze concerning all unities. A totality is at once non-existent (in the transcendent, absolute sense), illusory (with regard to thinking), and concretely produced in a certain way by our social context.
  At certain points, Deleuze himself seems to be advocating a kind of primary oneness to existence, particularly concerning his thesis of ontological univocity, or the univocity of being. In short, this is the position that claims all existing things are within a single world - everything that exists is 'said' in the same way ('uni-vocalised'). Univocity disqualifies in advance any thought of a transcendent ordering realm that is higher or more pure than the world of events. Ontological univocity is closely related to the thesis of monism that claims there is a single substance from which individual things are formed. Whilst this emphasis in Deleuze's work involves a certain thought of unity, we cannot consider him to be a 'holist' in any direct sense. Univocity must be understood rather as the emphasis on the common world of relations for everything that exists - a certain thought of general interconnectedness and proximity that would allow us to consider Deleuze's ontology as a kind of ecology of being. As he states in Empiricism and Subjectivity, nature is unique - but this does not mean that it is unified.
  Connectives
   § multiplicity
   § singularity

The Deleuze dictionary. . 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Whole — Whole, a. [OE. hole, hol, hal, hool, AS. h[=a]l well, sound, healthy; akin to OFries. & OS. h?l, D. heel, G. heil, Icel. heill, Sw. hel whole, Dan. heel, Goth. hails well, sound, OIr. c?l augury. Cf. {Hale}, {Hail} to greet, {Heal} to cure,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • whole — [hōl] adj. [ME (Midland) hool, for hol, hal < OE hal, healthy, whole, hale: akin to Ger heil, ON heill < IE base * kailo , sound, uninjured, auspicious > Welsh coel, omen] 1. a) in sound health; not diseased or injured b) Archaic healed …   English World dictionary

  • whole — adj 1 entire, *perfect, intact Analogous words: sound, well, *healthy, robust, wholesome: complete, plenary, *full Contrasted words: *deficient, defective: impaired, damaged, injured, marred (see INJURE) 2 …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • whole — ► ADJECTIVE 1) complete; entire. 2) emphasizing a large extent or number: a whole range of issues. 3) in an unbroken or undamaged state. ► NOUN 1) a thing that is complete in itself. 2) (the whole) all of something …   English terms dictionary

  • Whole — may refer to: *Holism, (from holos, a Greek word meaning all, entire, total) the idea that all the properties of a given system cannot be determined or explained by the sum of its component parts alone * in music, a whole step, or Major second *… …   Wikipedia

  • whole — [adj1] entire, complete accomplished, aggregate, all, choate, completed, concentrated, conclusive, consummate, every, exclusive, exhaustive, fixed, fulfilled, full, full length, gross, inclusive, in one piece, integral, outright, perfect, plenary …   New thesaurus

  • Whole — Whole, n. 1. The entire thing; the entire assemblage of parts; totality; all of a thing, without defect or exception; a thing complete in itself. [1913 Webster] This not the whole of life to live, Nor all of death to die. J. Montgomery. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • whole — I (undamaged) adjective aggregate, all, complete, entire, gross, intact, solid, total, undiminished, unhurt, unimpaired, unreduced, without loss associated concepts: whole capital, whole estate, whole quantity, whole truth II (unified) adjective… …   Law dictionary

  • whole — hōl adj containing all its natural constituents, components, or elements: deprived of nothing by refining, processing, or separation <whole milk> …   Medical dictionary

  • whole|ly — «HOH lee, HOHL lee», adverb. = wholly. (Cf. ↑wholly) …   Useful english dictionary

  • whole — whole1 W1S1 [həul US houl] adj [: Old English; Origin: hal healthy, unhurt, complete ] 1.) [only before noun] all of something = ↑entire ▪ You have your whole life ahead of you! ▪ His whole attitude bugs me. ▪ We ate the whole cake in about ten… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”